FAQ OF INVESTMENT CASTING

Investment Casting Lost Wax Precision Casting Manufacturing Quality Supplier in Turkey

This is a metal casting procedure that produces a disposable wax model from an injection molding type of tool. It is also known as the lost wax process. To create a multilayer mold, the wax figure is continuously dipped into liquid ceramic slurry. The disposable wax is burnt off when the ceramic has cured, and metal is poured into the hollow chamber. This method, when paired with nickel-based super alloys, creates the most crucial, precise components for top jet engines, medical equipment, and so on.
Most common metals, such as aluminum, bronze, magnesium, carbon steel, and stainless steel, can be used. Turbine blades, medical equipment, weapon components, gears, jewels, golf club heads, and many more machine components with complicated geometry are all made via investment casting.
Investment relates to the ceramic slurry application method. There are two basic methods for enclosing wax designs in high temperature ceramics, which eventually become molds to contain molten metal. Other methods include putting ceramic slurry around a wax tree assembly within a container, then dipping the wax into the slurry to apply the slurry in layers. When any object is dipped into a liquid and the liquid remains on the surface, this is referred to as investing.
The investment casting technique has several distinct advantages, including: Design Freedom, Machining cost savings, Fabrication has been reduced, Excellent Mechanical Properties, Aesthetic Excellence, Reproducibility,
Investment casting may achieve extraordinarily precise dimensional tolerances across a wide range of alloys. A linear tolerance of +/-.005 inch/inch is normal for investment casting, depending on the size and complexity of the item. In general, the tighter the dimensional tolerance that can be maintained, the smaller the part.
Investment casting may produce excellent surface finishes. Our castings typically have a surface quality of 90 RMS (Root Mean Square). 
Typically, a split negative-cavity metal die is created from which wax models are created. Depending on the intricacy of the casting cavity, ceramic inserts and soluble wax cores are also employed to obtain the appropriate internal component design. Tooling life is typically 50,000-60,000 pieces, although for larger volume operations, this life can be significantly enhanced by using steel inserts in the aluminum die.
It is far less expensive than plastic injection molding tooling, and continuous advancements in CAD/CAM and machining technology have further lowered the previous high cost of investment casting tools. Furthermore, the incorporation of computer-driven technology has greatly decreased the amount of labor necessary in tool design and manufacture.
Because the investment casting mold is porous by nature, the trapped air spontaneously exits through the shell.
2D technical drawing 3D model data Casting material / alloy information Yearly demand quantity and delivery lot-size Specific quality requirements / standards

FASTENERS

Fasteners Modulus Metal Turkey Türkei Turqie Turkiye Manufacturing Export Supplier Company

Type of Fasteners

Bolts
Buckles
Bushings
Caps & Ends
Clamps
Clasps
Clevises
Clips
Cold Headed
Connectors
Dowels & Pins
Hose Couplings
Locknuts
Nails
Nuts
Rivets
Screws
Shackles
Shaft Couplings
Shafts
Spline Shafts
Studs
Washers

Materials

Alloy Steel
Aluminum
Brass
Copper
Exotic Metals
High Carbon Steel
Low Carbon Steel
Silicone Bronze
Stainless Steel

Bolt Types

Anchor
Anti-Rotation
Carriage
Clevis
Closet
Countersunk
Custom
Elevator
Eye Bent
Hook Bent
J Bent
Lag
Shoulder
Special
T-Handle
T-Head or T-Slot
Toggle
U Bent

Bolt and Screw Head Types

Binding
Button
Fillister
Flat
Flat Undercut
Headless
Hexagon
Indented Hexagon
One-Way
Oval
Pan
Phillips
Round
Shoulder
Socket
Square Shoulder
Trimmed Hex
Truss

Thread Types

American Corps of Mechanical Engineering (ACME)
Drive Screws
Drywall
Machine
Particle Board
Self-Drilling
Self-Drilling Drive Screws
Tri-lobular
Type 17
Type 23
Type 25
Type A
Type AB
Type B
Type F
Unified Coarse (UNC)
Unified Fine (UNF)

Bolt and Screw Drive Types

Combination
Hex/Hexagonal
Phillips
Six Lobe
Slotted
Socket
Square
Tamper Resistant
Torx

Nut Types

2-Way
Anchor
Automation
Cap
Castle
Center Lock
Conical
Coupling
DIN 980V
DIN 985
Eye
Finished Hex
Flex Lock
Heavy Hex
Hex Flange
Hex Jam
Keps
Nylon Insert
Nylon Patch
Nylon Pellet
Semi-Finished Hex
Serrated Hex Flange
Slotted Hex
Square
Thumb
Top Lock
Weld
Wing

Fitting and Nipple Types

Caps
Couplings
Elbows
Floor Flanges
Nipples
Reducing Couplings
Tees

Pin Types

Clevis
Cotter
Dowel
Ejector
Hitch
Locating
Self-Locking
Spring
Tapered

Rivet Types

Blind
Closed End
Hollow
Internally Threaded
Multigrip
Outside Prong
Pronged
Rod
Semi-Tubular
Slotted
Solid
Split
Threaded
Tubular

Washer Types

Arc
Belleville
Bevel
Conical
Dock
External
Fender
Fiber
Finishing
Flat Machine
Grommets
Hexagon
Hi-Collar
Insulating
Internal
Load-Measuring
Lock
Metric
Neoprene
Retaining Rings
Screw
Sealing
Split
Wave

Finish

Black Oxide
Everlube
Exotic Finishes
Mechanical Zinc
Organic
Powder Metal
Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Compliant
Tin Plating
Zinc
Zinc Iron
Zinc Nickel
Zinc Phosphate

Additional Services

Anodizing
Assembly
Chamfering
Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) Programming
Electro-plating
Grinding
Heat Treating
Looping
Machining
Magnafluxing
Painting
Passivating
Powder Coating
Riveting
Swaging
Tapping
Tube Forming
Welding

Ferrous Metal Pipes and Metallic Fittings Standards

Steel Tubes

ISO 2937:1974Plain end seamless steel tubes for mechanical application
ISO 2938:1974Hollow steel bars for machining
ISO 3304:1985Plain end seamless precision steel tubes — Technical conditions for delivery
ISO 3305:1985Plain end welded precision steel tubes — Technical conditions for delivery
ISO 3306:1985Plain end as-welded and sized precision steel tubes — Technical conditions for delivery
ISO 3545-1:1989Steel tubes and fittings — Symbols for use in specifications — Part 1: Tubes and tubular accessories with circular cross-section
ISO 3545-2:1989Steel tubes and fittings — Symbols for use in specifications — Part 2: Square and rectangular hollow sections
ISO 3545-3:1989Steel tubes and fittings — Symbols for use in specifications — Part 3: Tubular fittings with circular cross-section
ISO 4200:1991Plain end steel tubes, welded and seamless — General tables of dimensions and masses per unit length
ISO 5252:1991Steel tubes — Tolerance systems
ISO 5256:1985Steel pipes and fittings for buried or submerged pipe lines — External and internal coating by bitumen or coal tar derived materials
ISO 6761:1981Steel tubes — Preparation of ends of tubes and fittings for welding
ISO 7598:1988Stainless steel tubes suitable for screwing in accordance with ISO 7-1
ISO 9095:1990Steel tubes — Continuous character marking and colour coding for material identification
ISO 10799-1:2011Cold-formed welded structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels — Part 1: Technical delivery conditions
ISO 10799-2:2011Cold-formed welded structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels — Part 2: Dimensions and sectional properties
ISO 12633-1:2011Hot-finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels — Part 1: Technical delivery conditions
ISO 12633-2:2011Hot-finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain steels — Part 2: Dimensions and sectional properties

Cast Iron Pipes

ISO 2531:2009Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for water applications
ISO 2531:2009/Cor 1:2010Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for water applications
ISO 4179:2005Ductile iron pipes and fittings for pressure and non-pressure pipelines — Cement mortar lining
ISO 6594:2006Cast iron drainage pipes and fittings — Spigot series
ISO 7186:2011Ductile iron products for sewerage applications
ISO 8179-1:2004Ductile iron pipes — External zinc-based coating — Part 1: Metallic zinc with finishing layer
ISO 8179-2:1995Ductile iron pipes — External zinc coating — Part 2: Zinc rich paint with finishing layer
ISO 8180:2006Ductile iron pipelines — Polyethylene sleeving for site application
ISO 9349:2017Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints — Thermal preinsulated products
ISO 10802:1992Ductile iron pipelines — Hydrostatic testing after installation
ISO 10803:2011Design method for ductile iron pipes
ISO 10804:2010Restrained joint systems for ductile iron pipelines — Design rules and type testing
ISO 13470:2012Trenchless applications of ductile iron pipes systems — Product design and installation
ISO 16132:2016Ductile iron pipes and fittings — Seal coats for cement mortar linings
ISO 16134:2006Earthquake- and subsidence-resistant design of ductile iron pipelines
ISO 16631:2016Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints compatible with plastic (PVC or PE) piping systems, for water applications and for plastic pipeline connections, repair and replacement
ISO 18468:2017Ductile iron fittings, accessories and their joints and valves — Epoxy coating

Threaded Fittings

ISO 7-1:1994Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 1: Dimensions, tolerances and designation
ISO 7-1:1994/Cor 1:2007Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 1: Dimensions, tolerances and designation
ISO 7-2:2000Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are made on the threads — Part 2: Verification by means of limit gauges
ISO 49:1994Malleable cast iron fittings threaded to ISO 7-1
ISO 49:1994/Cor 1:1997Malleable cast iron fittings threaded to ISO 7-1
ISO 228-1:2000Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads — Part 1: Dimensions, tolerances and designation
ISO 228-2:1987Pipe threads where pressure-tight joints are not made on the threads — Part 2: Verification by means of limit gauges
ISO 2016:1981Capillary solder fittings for copper tubes — Assembly dimensions and tests
ISO 3419:1981Non-alloy and alloy steel butt-welding fittings
ISO 4144:2003Pipework — Stainless steel fittings threaded in accordance with ISO 7-1
ISO 4145:1986Non-alloy steel fittings threaded to ISO 7-1
ISO 5251:1981Stainless steel butt-welding fittings

Metallic Flanges

ISO 6708:1995Pipework components — Definition and selection of DN (nominal size)
ISO 7005-1:2011Pipe flanges — Part 1: Steel flanges for industrial and general service piping systems
ISO 7005-2:1988Metallic flanges — Part 2: Cast iron flanges
ISO 7005-3:1988Metallic flanges — Part 3: Copper alloy and composite flanges
ISO 7268:1983Pipe components — Definition of nominal pressure
ISO 7268:1983/Amd 1:1984Pipe components — Definition of nominal pressure
ISO 7483:1991Dimensions of gaskets for use with flanges to ISO 7005
ISO 7483:1991/Cor 1:1995Dimensions of gaskets for use with flanges to ISO 7005

Metal Hoses

ISO 7369:2004Pipework — Metal hoses and hose assemblies — Vocabulary
ISO 10380:2012Pipework — Corrugated metal hoses and hose assemblies
ISO 10806:2003Pipework — Fittings for corrugated metal hoses
ISO 10807:1994Pipework — Corrugated flexible metallic hose assemblies for the protection of electrical cables in explosive atmospheres
ISO 15465:2004Pipework — Stripwound metal hoses and hose assemblies

Gear Standards

ISO TC 60

Standard NoStandard
ISO 53:1998Cylindrical gears for general and heavy engineering — Standard basic rack tooth profile
ISO 54:1996Cylindrical gears for general engineering and for heavy engineering — Modules
ISO 677:1976Straight bevel gears for general engineering and heavy engineering — Basic rack
ISO 678:1976Straight bevel gears for general engineering and heavy engineering — Modules and diametral pitches
ISO 1328-1:2013Cylindrical gears — ISO system of flank tolerance classification — Part 1: Definitions and allowable values of deviations relevant to flanks of gear teeth
ISO 1328-2:1997Cylindrical gears — ISO system of accuracy — Part 2: Definitions and allowable values of deviations relevant to radial composite deviations and runout information
ISO 8579-1:2002Acceptance code for gear units — Part 1: Test code for airborne sound
ISO/TR 10064-1:1992Code of inspection practice — Part 1: Inspection of corresponding flanks of gear teeth
ISO/TR 10064-1:1992/Cor 1:2006Code of inspection practice — Part 1: Inspection of corresponding flanks of gear teeth
ISO/TR 10064-2:1996Code of inspection practice — Part 2: Inspection related to radial composite deviations, runout, tooth thickness and backlash
ISO/TR 10064-2:1996/Cor 1:2001Code of inspection practice — Part 2: Inspection related to radial composite deviations, runout, tooth thickness and backlash
ISO/TR 10064-2:1996/Cor 2:2006Code of inspection practice — Part 2: Inspection related to radial composite deviations, runout, tooth thickness and backlash
ISO/TR 10064-3:1996Code of inspection practice — Part 3: Recommendations relative to gear blanks, shaft centre distance and parallelism of axes
ISO/TR 10064-3:1996/Cor 1:2006Code of inspection practice — Part 3: Recommendations relative to gear blanks, shaft centre distance and parallelism of axes
ISO/TR 10064-4:1998Code of inspection practice — Part 4: Recommendations relative to surface texture and tooth contact pattern checking
ISO/TR 10064-4:1998/Cor 1:2006Code of inspection practice — Part 4: Recommendations relative to surface texture and tooth contact pattern checking
ISO/TR 10064-5:2005Code of inspection practice — Part 5: Recommendations relative to evaluation of gear measuring instruments
ISO/TR 10064-5:2005/Cor 1:2006Code of inspection practice — Part 5: Recommendations relative to evaluation of gear measuring instruments
ISO/TR 10064-6:2009Code of inspection practice — Part 6: Bevel gear measurement methods
ISO 17485:2006Bevel gears — ISO system of accuracy
ISO 18653:2003Gears — Evaluation of instruments for the measurement of individual gears
IEC 61400-4:2012Wind turbines — Part 4: Design requirements for wind turbine gearboxes

NOMENCLATURE

Standard NoStandard
ISO 701:1998International gear notation — Symbols for geometrical data
ISO 1122-1:1998Vocabulary of gear terms — Part 1: Definitions related to geometry
ISO 1122-1:1998/Cor 1:1999Vocabulary of gear terms — Part 1: Definitions related to geometry
ISO 1122-1:1998/Cor 2:2009Vocabulary of gear terms — Part 1: Definitions related to geometry
ISO 1122-2:1999Vocabulary of gear terms — Part 2: Definitions related to worm gear geometry
ISO 2490:2007Solid (monobloc) gear hobs with tenon drive or axial keyway, 0,5 to 40 module — Nominal dimensions
ISO 4468:2009Gear hobs — Accuracy requirements
ISO 4468:2009/Cor 1:2009Gear hobs — Accuracy requirements
ISO 10825:1995Gears — Wear and damage to gear teeth — Terminology
ISO/TR 10828:2015Worm gears — Worm profiles and gear mesh geometry
ISO/TR 14521:2010Gears — Calculation of load capacity of wormgears
ISO 21771:2007Gears — Cylindrical involute gears and gear pairs — Concepts and geometry

CALCULATION

Standard NoStandard
ISO 6336-1:2006Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 1: Basic principles, introduction and general influence factors
ISO 6336-1:2006/Cor 1:2008Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 1: Basic principles, introduction and general influence factors
ISO 6336-2:2006Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 2: Calculation of surface durability (pitting)
ISO 6336-2:2006/Cor 1:2008Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 2: Calculation of surface durability (pitting)
ISO 6336-3:2006Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 3: Calculation of tooth bending strength
ISO 6336-3:2006/Cor 1:2008Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 3: Calculation of tooth bending strength
ISO 6336-5:2016Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 5: Strength and quality of materials
ISO 6336-6:2006Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 6: Calculation of service life under variable load
ISO 6336-6:2006/Cor 1:2007Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 6: Calculation of service life under variable load
ISO 9083:2001Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Application to marine gears
ISO 9085:2002Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Application for industrial gears
ISO 10300-1:2014Calculation of load capacity of bevel gears — Part 1: Introduction and general influence factors
ISO 10300-2:2014Calculation of load capacity of bevel gears — Part 2: Calculation of surface durability (pitting)
ISO 10300-3:2014Calculation of load capacity of bevel gears — Part 3: Calculation of tooth root strength
ISO 13691:2001Petroleum and natural gas industries — High-speed special-purpose gear units
ISO 14104:2017Gears — Surface temper etch inspection after grinding, chemical method
ISO/TR 14179-1:2001Gears — Thermal capacity — Part 1: Rating gear drives with thermal equilibrium at 95 °C sump temperature
ISO/TR 14179-2:2001Gears — Thermal capacity — Part 2: Thermal load-carrying capacity
ISO 14635-1:2000Gears — FZG test procedures — Part 1: FZG test method A/8,3/90 for relative scuffing load-carrying capacity of oils
ISO 14635-2:2004Gears — FZG test procedures — Part 2: FZG step load test A10/16, 6R/120 for relative scuffing load-carrying capacity of high EP oils
ISO 14635-3:2005Gears — FZG test procedures — Part 3: FZG test method A/2, 8/50 for relative scuffing load-carrying capacity and wear characteristics of semifluid gear greases
ISO/TR 15144-1:2014Calculation of micropitting load capacity of cylindrical spur and helical gears — Part 1: Introduction and basic principles
ISO/TR 15144-2:2014Calculation of micropitting load capacity of cylindrical spur and helical gears — Part 2: Examples of calculation for micropitting
ISO/TR 18792:2008Lubrication of industrial gear drives
ISO/TR 22849:2011Design recommendations for bevel gears
ISO 23509:2016Bevel and hypoid gear geometry

List of Standards for Plastics and Rubber Hoses

Standard NoStandard
EN 853:2015Rubber hoses and hose assemblies – Wire braid reinforced hydraulic type – Specification
EN 854:2015Rubber hoses and hose assemblies – Textile reinforced hydraulic type – Specification
EN 856:2015Rubber hoses and hose assemblies – Rubber-covered spiral wire reinforced hydraulic type – Specification
EN 857:2015Rubber hoses and hose assemblies – Wire braid reinforced compact type for hydraulic applications – Specification
EN ISO 1307:2008Rubber and plastics hoses – Hose sizes, minimum and maximum inside diameters, and tolerances on cut-to-length hoses (ISO 1307:2006)
EN 1360:2013Rubber and plastic hoses and hose assemblies for measured fuel dispensing systems – Specification
EN ISO 1401:2016Rubber hoses for agricultural spraying (ISO 1401:2016)
EN ISO 1402:2009Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Hydrostatic testing (ISO 1402:2009)
EN ISO 1403:2008Rubber hoses, textile-reinforced, for general-purpose water applications – Specification (ISO 1403:2005)
EN 1761:1999Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for fuel truck delivery – Specification
EN 1762:2017Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for liquefied petroleum gas, LPG (liquid or gaseous phase), and natural gas up to 25 bar (2,5 MPa) – Specification
EN 1765:2016Rubber hose assemblies for oil suction and discharge services – Specification for the assemblies
EN ISO 1825:2011Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for aircraft ground fuelling and defuelling – Specification (ISO 1825:2010)
EN ISO 2398:2016Rubber hoses, textile-reinforced, for compressed air – Specification (ISO 2398:2016)
EN ISO 3861:2008Rubber hoses for sand and grit blasting – Specification (ISO 3861:2005)
EN ISO 3949:2014Plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Textile-reinforced types for hydraulic applications – Specification (ISO 3949:2009)
EN ISO 3994:2014Plastics hoses – Helical-thermoplastic-reinforced thermoplastics hoses for suction and discharge of aqueous materials – Specification (ISO 3994:2014)
EN ISO 4023:2009Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for steam – Test methods (ISO 4023:2009)
EN ISO 4080:2009Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Determination of permeability to gas (ISO 4080:2009)
EN ISO 4641:2016Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for water suction and discharge – Specification (ISO 4641:2016)
EN ISO 4671:2007Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Methods of measurement of the dimensions of hoses and the lengths of hose assemblies (ISO 4671:2007)
EN ISO 4671:2007/A1:2011Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Methods of measurement of the dimensions of hoses and the lengths of hose assemblies – Amendment 1: Clarification of position at which outside diameter is measured (ISO 4671:2007/Amd 1:2011)
EN ISO 5771:2008Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for transferring anhydrous ammonia – Specification (ISO 5771:2008)
EN ISO 5774:2016Plastics hoses – Textile-reinforced types for compressed-air applications – Specification (ISO 5774:2016)
EN ISO 6134:2017Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for saturated steam – Specification (ISO 6134:2017)
EN ISO 6224:2011Thermoplastics hoses, textile-reinforced, for general-purpose water applications – Specification (ISO 6224:2011)
EN ISO 6802:2008Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies with wire reinforcements – Hydraulic impulse test with flexing (ISO 6802:2005)
EN ISO 6803:2017Rubber or plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Hydraulic-pressure impulse test without flexing (ISO 6803:2017)
EN ISO 6806:2017Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for use in oil burners – Specification (ISO 6806:2017)
EN ISO 6807:2003Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for rotary drilling and vibration applications – Specification (ISO 6807:2003)
EN ISO 6808:2014Plastics hoses and hose assemblies for suction and low-pressure discharge of petroleum liquids – Specification (ISO 6808:2014)
EN ISO 7233:2016Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Determination of resistance to vacuum (ISO 7233:2016)
EN ISO 7326:2016Rubber and plastics hoses – Assessment of ozone resistance under static conditions (ISO 7326:2016)
EN ISO 7662:1996Rubber and plastics hoses – Determination of abrasion of lining (ISO 7662:1988)
EN ISO 7751:2016Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Ratios of proof and burst pressure to maximum working pressure (ISO 7751:2016)
EN ISO 8028:2000Rubber and/or plastics hoses and hose assemblies for airless paint spraying – Specification (ISO 8028:1999)
EN ISO 8029:2014Plastics hose – General-purpose collapsible water hose, textile-reinforced – Specification (ISO 8029:2014)
EN ISO 8030:2014Rubber and plastics hoses – Method of test for flammability (ISO 8030:2014)
EN ISO 8031:2009Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Determination of electrical resistance and conductivity (ISO 8031:2009)
EN ISO 8032:1999Rubber and plastics hose assemblies – Flexing combined with hydraulic impulse test (half-omega test) (ISO 8032:1997)
EN ISO 8033:2017Rubber and plastics hoses – Determination of adhesion between components (ISO 8033:2016)
EN ISO 8308:2015Rubber and plastics hoses and tubing – Determination of transmission of liquids through hose and tubing walls (ISO 8308:2015)
EN ISO 8330:2014Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Vocabulary (ISO 8330:2014)
EN ISO 8331:2016Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Guidelines for selection, storage, use and maintenance (ISO 8331:2016)
EN ISO 10619-1:2011Rubber and plastics hoses and tubing – Measurement of flexibility and stiffness – Part 1: Bending tests at ambient temperature (ISO 10619-1:2011)
EN ISO 10619-2:2011Rubber and plastics hoses and tubing – Measurement of flexibility and stiffness – Part 2: Bending tests at sub-ambient temperatures (ISO 10619-2:2011)
EN ISO 10619-3:2011Rubber and plastics hoses and tubing – Measurement of flexibility and stiffness – Part 3: Bending tests at high and low temperatures (ISO 10619-3:2011)
EN ISO 10960:1996Rubber and plastics hoses – Assessment of ozone resistance under dynamic conditions (ISO 10960:1994)
EN 12115:2011Rubber and thermoplastics hoses and hose assemblies for liquid or gaseous chemicals – Specification
EN 13482:2013Rubber hoses and hose assemblies for asphalt and bitumen – Specification
EN 13483:2013Rubber and plastic hoses and hose assemblies with internal vapour recovery for measured fuel dispensing systems – Specification
EN 13765:2010+A1:2015Thermoplastic multi-layer (non-vulcanized) hoses and hose assemblies for the transfer of hydrocarbons, solvents and chemicals – Specification
EN 13766:2010Thermoplastic multi-layer (non-vulcanized) hoses and hose assemblies for the transfer of liquid petroleum gas and liquefied natural gas – Specification
EN 14420-1:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 1: Requirements, types of fixing and connection, designation and testing
EN 14420-2:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 2: Hose side parts of hose tail
EN 14420-3:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 3: Clamp units, bolted or pinned
EN 14420-4:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 4: Flange connections
EN 14420-5:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 5: Threaded connections
EN 14420-6:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 6: TW tank truck couplings
EN 14420-7:2013Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 7: Cam locking couplings
EN 14420-8:2013+A1:2016Hose fittings with clamp units – Part 8: Symmetrical half coupling (Guillemin system)
CEN/TS 14421:2006Hose tail and ferrule for crimping and swaging
EN 14422:2013Clamp type coupling assemblies for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) transfer hoses
EN 14423:2013+A1:2016Clamp type coupling assemblies for use with steam hoses rated for pressures up to 18 bar
EN 14424:2013Hose fittings with screwed ferrules
EN 16643:2016Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies – Non-bonded fluoroplastic lined (e.g. PTFE) hoses and hose assemblies for liquid and gaseous chemicals – Specification
CEN/TS 16650:2014Specification for hose couplings for petrol, oil and lubricants – High pressure couplings
EN 16820:2017Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies for use in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industry – Bonded elastomeric hoses with or without a lining
EN 16821:2017Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies for use in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological industry – Silicone rubber hoses
EN ISO 18752:2016Rubber hoses and hose assemblies – Wire- or textile-reinforced single-pressure types for hydraulic applications – Specification (ISO 18752:2014)
EN 26801:1993Rubber or plastics hoses – Determination of volumetric expansion (ISO 6801:1983)
EN 26801:1993/A1:2011Rubber or plastics hoses – Determination of volumetric expansion – Amendment 1: Deletion of alcohol as pressurizing fluid (ISO 6801:1983/Amd 1:2011)
EN ISO 28017:2011Rubber hoses and hose assemblies, wire or textile reinforced, for dredging applications – Specification (ISO 28017:2011)
EN ISO 28017:2011/A1:2015Rubber hoses and hose assemblies, wire or textile reinforced, for dredging applications – Specification – Amendment 1 (ISO 28017:2011/Amd 1:2015)
EN ISO 30013:2011Rubber and plastics hoses – Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources – Determination of changes in colour, appearance and other physical properties (ISO 30013:2011)

List of EN Standards for Flanges and Their Joints 

Flanges and Their Joints Modulus Metal Turkey Türkei Supplier Manufacturer Türkiye

Standard NoStandard
EN 1092-1:2007+A1:2013Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated – Part 1: Steel flanges
EN 1092-1:2007+A1:2013/AC:2014Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated – Part 1: Steel flanges
EN 1092-2:1997Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated – Part 2: Cast iron flanges
EN 1092-3:2003Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated – Part 3: Copper alloy flanges
EN 1092-3:2003/AC:2007Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated – Part 3: Copper alloy flanges
EN 1092-4:2002Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, PN designated – Part 4: Aluminium alloy flanges
EN 1333:2006Flanges and their joints – Pipework components – Definition and selection of PN
EN 1514-1:1997Flanges and their joints – Dimensions of gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 1: Non-metallic flat gaskets with or without inserts
EN 1514-2:2014Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 2: Spiral wound gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 1514-3:1997Flanges and their joints – Dimensions of gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 3: Non-metallic PTFE envelope gaskets
EN 1514-4:1997Flanges and their joints – Dimensions of gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 4: Corrugated, flat or grooved metallic and filled metallic gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 1514-6:2003Flanges and their joints – Dimensions of gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 6: Covered serrated metal gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 1514-7:2004Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 7: Covered metal jacketed gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 1514-8:2004Flanges and their joints – Dimensions of gaskets for PN-designated flanges – Part 8: Polymeric O-Ring gaskets for grooved flanges
EN 1515-1:1999Flanges and their joints – Bolting – Part 1: Selection of bolting
EN 1515-2:2001Flanges and their joints – Bolting – Part 2: Classification of bolt materials for steel flanges, PN designated
EN 1515-3:2005Flanges and their joints – Bolting – Part 3: Classification of bolt materials for steel flanges, class designated
EN 1515-4:2009Flanges and their joints – Bolting – Part 4: Selection of bolting for equipment subject to the Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC
EN 1591-1:2013Flanges and their joints – Design rules for gasketed circular flange connections – Part 1: Calculation
EN 1591-2:2008Flanges and their joints – Design rules for gasketed circular flange connections – Part 2: Gasket parameters
CEN/TS 1591-3:2007Flanges and their joints – Design rules for gasketed circular flange connections – Part 3: Calculation method for metal to metal contact type flanged joint
EN 1591-4:2013Flanges and their joints – Part 4: Qualification of personnel competency in the assembly of the bolted connections of critical service pressurized systems
CEN/TR 1591-5:2012Flanges and their joints – Design rules for gasketed circular flange connections – Part 5: Calculation method for full face gasketed joints
EN 1759-1:2004Flanges and their joint – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, Class designated – Part 1: Steel flanges, NPS 1/2 to 24
EN 1759-3:2003Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, Class designated – Part 3: Copper alloy flanges
EN 1759-3:2003/AC:2004Flanges and their joints – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, Class designated – Part 3: Copper alloy flanges
EN 1759-4:2003Flanges and their joint – Circular flanges for pipes, valves, fittings and accessories, class designated – Part 4: Aluminium alloy flanges
EN ISO 6708:1995Pipework components – Definition and selection of DN (nominal size) (ISO 6708:1995)
EN 12560-1:2001Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for Class-designated flanges – Part 1: Non-metallic flat gaskets with or without inserts
EN 12560-2:2013Flanges and their joints – Dimensions of gaskets for Class-designated flanges – Part 2: Spiral wound gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 12560-3:2001Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for Class-designated flanges – Part 3: Non-metallic PTFE envelope gaskets
EN 12560-4:2001Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for Class-designated flantes – Part 4: Corrugated, flat or grooved metallic and filled metallic gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 12560-5:2001Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for Class-designated flanes – Part 5: Metallic ring joint gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 12560-6:2003Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for Class-designated flanges – Part 6: Covered serrated metal gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 12560-7:2004Flanges and their joints – Gaskets for Class-designated flanges – Part 7: Covered metal jacketed gaskets for use with steel flanges
EN 13555:2014Flanges and their joints – Gasket parameters and test procedures relevant to the design rules for gasketed circular flange connection
CR 13642:1999Flanges and their joints – Design rules for gasketed circular flange connections – Background information
EN 14772:2005Flanges and their joints – Quality assurance inspection and testing of gaskets in accordance with the series of standards EN 1514 and EN 12560

List of ISO Standards for Screw Threads

Standard NumberStandard
ISO 68-1:1998ISO general purpose screw threads — Basic profile — Part 1: Metric screw threads
ISO 68-2:1998ISO general-purpose screw threads — Basic profile — Part 2: Inch screw threads
ISO 261:1998ISO general purpose metric screw threads — General plan
ISO 262:1998ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Selected sizes for screws, bolts and nuts
ISO 263:1973ISO inch screw threads — General plan and selection for screws, bolts and nuts — Diameter range 0,06 to 6 in
ISO 724:1993ISO general-purpose metric screw threads — Basic dimensions
ISO 724:1993/COR 1:2009ISO general-purpose metric screw threads — Basic dimensions
ISO 725:2009ISO inch screw threads — Basic dimensions
ISO 965-1:2013ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Tolerances — Part 1: Principles and basic data
ISO 965-2:1998ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Tolerances — Part 2: Limits of sizes for general purpose external and internal screw threads — Medium quality
ISO 965-3:1998ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Tolerances — Part 3: Deviations for constructional screw threads
ISO 965-3:1998/COR 1:2009ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Tolerances — Part 3: Deviations for constructional screw threads
ISO 965-4:1998ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Tolerances — Part 4: Limits of sizes for hot-dip galvanized external screw threads to mate with internal screw threads tapped with tolerance position H or G after galvanizing
ISO 965-5:1998ISO general purpose metric screw threads — Tolerances — Part 5: Limits of sizes for internal screw threads to mate with hot-dip galvanized external screw threads with maximum size of tolerance position h before galvanizing
ISO 1501:2009ISO miniature screw threads
ISO 1502:1996ISO general-purpose metric screw threads — Gauges and gauging
ISO 2901:2016ISO metric trapezoidal screw threads — Basic and design profiles
ISO 2902:2016ISO metric trapezoidal screw threads — General plan
ISO 2903:2016ISO metric trapezoidal screw threads — Tolerances
ISO 2904:1977ISO metric trapezoidal screw threads — Basic dimensions
ISO 5408:2009Screw threads — Vocabulary
ISO 5864:1993ISO inch screw threads — Allowances and tolerances
ISO 16239:2013Metric series wires for measuring screw threads

List of Investment Casting Standards

VDG P690
DIN 406-10 Technische Zeichnungen; Maßeintragungen; Begriffe, allge-meine Grundlagen
DIN 406-11 Technische Zeichnungen; Maßeintragungen; Grundlagen der Anwendung
DIN 406-11 Beiblatt 1 – Technische Zeichnungen – Maßeintragungen – Teil11: Grundlagen und Anwendung; Ausgang der Bearbei-tung an Rohteilen
DIN 406-12 Technische Zeichnungen; Maßeintragungen; Eintragung von Toleranzen für Längen- und Winkelmaße
DIN 1451 Teil 1–4 Schriften – Serifenlose Linear-Antiqua
DIN ISO 5459 Technische Zeichnungen; Form- und Lagetolerierung; Bezüge und Bezugssysteme für geometrische Toleranzen
DIN EN ISO 1101 Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) – Geometrische Tolerierung – Tolerierung von Form, Richtung, Ort und Lauf
DIN EN ISO 1302 Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) – Angabe der Ober-flächenbeschaffenheit in der technischen Produktdokumen-tation
DIN EN ISO 1302 Berichtigung 1 – Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) – Angabe der Oberflächenbeschaffenheit in der technischen Produktdokumentation; Berichtigung zu DIN EN ISO 1302 (2002-06)
DIN EN ISO 5459 Norm-Entwurf – Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) – Geometrische Tolerierung – Bezüge und Bezugssysteme
DIN EN ISO 8062-2Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) – Maß-, Form- und Lagetoleranzen für Formteile – Teil 2: Regeln
DIN EN ISO 8062-3Geometrische Produktspezifikation (GPS) – Maß-, Form- und Lagetoleranzen für Formteile – Teil 3: Allgemeine Maß-, Form- und Lagetoleranzen und Bearbeitungszugaben für Gussstücke
DIN ISO 19959 Visuelle Überprüfung der Oberflächenbeschaffenheit von Feingussstücken – Stahl, Nickellegierungen und Cobaltlegie-rungen
BDG-Richtlinie P 510Maßliche Erstbemusterung auf der Basis von 3D-CAD-Daten
VDG-Merkblatt P 701Kennzeichnung von Gussteilen

ASTM

ASTMAA957STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR INVESTMENT CASTINGS, STEEL AND ALLOY, COMMON REQUIREMENTS, FOR GENERAL INDUSTRIAL USE
ASTMBB403STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR MAGNESIUM-ALLOY INVESTMENT CASTINGS
ASTMBB618STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM-ALLOY INVESTMENT CASTINGS

List of Casting Standards

FoundryTechnology:

EN 1370:2011 Founding – Examination of surface condition

EN 1371-1:2011 Founding – Liquid penetrant testing- Part 1: Sand, gravity die and low pressure die castings

EN 1371-2:2015 Founding – Liquid penetrant inspection – Part 2: Investment castings

EN 1559-1:2011 Founding – Technical conditions of delivery – Part 1: General

EN 1559-3:2011 Founding – Technical conditions of delivery – Part 3: Additional requirements for iron castings

EN 1559-5:2017 Founding – Technical conditions of delivery – Part 5: Additional requirements for magnesium alloy castings

EN 1560:2011 Founding – Designation system for cast iron – Material symbols and material numbers

EN 1561:2011 Founding – Grey cast irons

EN 1562:2012 Founding – Malleable cast irons

EN 1563:2011 Founding – Spheroidal graphite cast irons

EN 1564:2011 Founding – Ausferritic spheroidal graphite cast irons

EN 1753:1997 Magnesium and magnesium alloys – Magnesium alloy ingots and castings

EN 1753:1997/AC:1997 Magnesium and magnesium alloys – Magnesium alloy ingots and castings

EN 1754:2015 Magnesium and magnesium alloys – Magnesium and magnesium alloy anodes, ingots and castings – Designation system

EN ISO 8062-1:2007 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – Dimensional and geometrical tolerances for moulded parts – Part 1: Vocabulary (ISO 8062-1:2007)

CEN ISO/TS 8062-2:2013 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) – Dimensional and geometrical tolerances for moulded parts – Part 2: Rules (ISO/TS 8062-2:2013, Corrected version 2013-11-01)

EN ISO 8062-3:2007 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) – Dimensional and geometrical tolerances for moulded parts – Part 3: General dimensional and geometrical tolerances and machining allowances for castings (ISO 8062-3:2007)

EN ISO 8062-3:2007/AC:2009 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) – Dimensional and geometrical tolerances for moulded parts – Part 3: General dimensional and geometrical tolerances and machining allowances for castings (ISO 8062-3:2007/Cor 1:2009)

EN ISO 10135:2009 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – Drawing indications for moulded parts in technical product documentation (TPD) (ISO 10135:2007)

EN 12421:2017 Magnesium and magnesium alloys – Unalloyed magnesium

EN 12438:1998 Magnesium and magnesium alloys – Magnesium alloys for cast anodes

EN 12513:2011 Founding – Abrasion resistant cast irons

EN 12680-1:2003 Founding – Ultrasonic examination – Part 1: Steel castings for general purposes

EN 12680-2:2003 Founding – Ultrasonic examination – Part 2: Steel castings for highly stressed components

EN 12680-3:2011 Founding – Ultrasonic testing – Part 3: Spheroidal graphite cast iron castings

EN 12681:2003 Founding – Radiographic examination

EN 12883:2000 Founding – Equipment for the production of lost patterns for the lost wax casting process

EN 12890:2000 Founding – Patterns, pattern equipment and coreboxes for the production of sand moulds and sand cores

EN 12892:2000 Founding – Equipment for the production of lost patterns for the lost foam casting process

EN 13835:2012 Founding – Austenitic cast irons

EN 16079:2011 Founding – Compacted (vermicular) graphite cast irons

EN 16124:2011 Founding – Low-alloyed ferritic spheroidal graphite cast irons for elevated temperature applications

EN 16482: 2014 Founding – Continuous cast iron bars

Steel Castings:

EN 1559-2:2014 Founding – Technical conditions of delivery – Part 2: Additional requirements for steel castings

EN 10213:2007+A1:2016 Steel castings for pressure purposes

EN 10283:2010 Corrosion resistant steel castings

EN 10293: 2015 Steel castings for general engineering uses

EN 10295:2002 Heat resistant steel castings

EN 10340:2007 Steel castings for structural uses

EN 10340:2007/AC:2008 Steel castings for structural uses

EN 10349:2009 Steel castings – Austenitic manganese steel castings

EN ISO 11970:2016 Specification and approval of welding procedures for production welding of steel castings (ISO 11970:2016)

Cast Iron Pipes, Fittings and Their Joints

Standard NoStandard
EN 545:2010Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for water pipelines – Requirements and test methods
EN 598:2007+A1:2009Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for sewerage applications – Requirements and test methods
EN 877:1999Cast iron pipes and fittings, their joints and accessories for the evacuation of water from buildings – Requirements, test methods and quality assurance
EN 877:1999/A1:2006Cast iron pipes and fittings, their joints and accessories for the evacuation of water from buildings – Requirements, test methods and quality assurance
EN 877:1999/A1:2006/AC:2008Cast iron pipes and fittings, their joints and accessories for the evacuation of water from buildings – Requirements, test methods and quality assurance
EN 969:2009Ductile iron pipes, fittings, accessories and their joints for gas pipelines – Requirements and test methods
EN 12842:2012Ductile iron fittings for PVC-U or PE piping systems – Requirements and test methods
EN 14525:2004Ductile iron wide tolerance couplings and flange adaptors for use with pipes of different materials: ductile iron, Grey iron, Steel, PVC-U PE, Fibre-cement
EN 14628:2005Ductile iron pipes, fittings and accessories – External polyethylene coating for pipes – Requirements and test methods
EN 14901:2014Ductile iron pipes, fittings and accessories – Epoxy coating (heavy duty) of ductile iron fittings and accessories – Requirements and test  methods
EN 15189:2006Ductile iron pipes, fittings and accessories – External polyurethane coating for pipes – Requirements and test methods
EN 15542:2008Ductile iron pipes, fittings and accessories – External cement mortar coating for pipes – Requirements and test methods
CEN/TR 15545:2006Guide to the use of EN 545
EN 15655:2009Ductile iron pipes, fittings and accessories – Internal polyurethane lining for pipes and fittings – Requirements and test methods
CEN/TR 16017:2010Guide to the use of EN 598
CEN/TR 16470:2013Environmental aspects of ductile iron pipe systems for water and sewerage applications
CEN/TR 16950:2016Ductile iron pipes, fittings and accessories – Sanitary characteristics and test methods

ASTM – GRAY IRON CASTINGS

ASTMAA126STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS FOR VALVES, FLANGES, AND PIPE FITTINGS
ASTMAA159STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUTOMOTIVE GRAY IRON CASTINGS R(1993)
ASTMAA278STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS FOR PRESSURE-CONTAINING PARTS FOR TEMPERATURES UP TO 650 DEGREES F
ASTMAA278MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS FOR PRESSURE-CONTAINING PARTS FOR TEMPERATURES UP TO 350 DEGREES C E1-1996
ASTMAA319STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS FOR ELEVATED TEMPERATURES FOR NON-PRESSURE CONTAINING PARTS R(1995)
ASTMAA436STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUSTENITIC GRAY IRON CASTINGS E1-1997 R(1997)
ASTMAA48 REV ASTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS
ASTMAA48MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS (METRIC) E1-1998
ASTMAA748/A748MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR STATICALLY CAST CHILLED WHITE IRON-GRAY IRON DUAL METAL ROLLS FOR PRESSURE VESSEL USE R(1993)
ASTMAA823STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR STATICALLY CAST PERMANENT MOLD GRAY IRON CASTINGS
ASTMAA942STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR CENTRIFUGALLY CAST WHITE IRON/GRAY IRON DUAL METAL ABRASION-RESISTANT ROLL SHELLS
ASTMCC660STANDARD PRACTICES FOR PRODUCTION AND PREPARATION OF GRAY IRON CASTINGS FOR PORCELAIN ENAMELING R(1994)
ASTMEE802STANDARD REFERENCE RADIOGRAPHS FOR GRAY IRON CASTINGS UP TO 4 1/2 IN. (114 MM) IN THICKNESS

ASTM – DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS

ASTMAA395/A395MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR FERRITIC DUCTILE IRON PRESSURE-RETAINING CASTINGS FOR USE AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES
ASTMAA439STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUSTENITIC DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS E1-1994 R(1994)
ASTMAA476STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS FOR PAPER MILL DRYER ROLLS R(1997)
ASTMAA476MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS FOR PAPER MILL DRYER ROLLS (METRIC) R(1993)
ASTMAA536STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS R(1993)
ASTMAA571STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUSTENITIC DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS FOR PRESSURE-CONTAINING PARTS SUITABLE FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE SERVICE E1-1992 R(1997)
ASTMAA571MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUSTENITIC DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS FOR PRESSURE-CONTAINING PARTS SUITABLE FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE SERVICE (METRIC) R(1997)
ASTMAA674STANDARD PRACTICE FOR POLYETHYLENE ENCASEMENT FOR DUCTILE IRON PIPE FOR WATER OR OTHER LIQUIDS
ASTMAA716STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR DUCTILE IRON CULVERT PIPE
ASTMAA746STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR DUCTILE IRON GRAVITY SEWER PIPE
ASTMAA874STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR FERRITIC DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS SUITABLE FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE SERVICE R(1993)
ASTMAA874MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR FERRITIC DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS SUITABLE FOR LOW-TEMPERATURE SERVICE (METRIC) R(1993)
ASTMAA897STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUSTEMPERED DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS R(1997)
ASTMAA897MSTANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR AUSTEMPERED DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS (METRIC) R(1997)
ASTMEE689STANDARD REFERENCE RADIOGRAPHS FOR DUCTILE IRON CASTINGS

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